Education in Pakistan is in bad shape as compared to other countries in South Asia. Literacy rate of
Pakistan is 58% whereas developing countries in the same region like India and Bangladesh have literacy
rate of about 69% and 72.8% respectively. On provincial level KPK lies behind every other province in
literacy rate where literacy rate of Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan and KPK is 64.7%, 62.2%, 55.5% and 55.3%
respectively. There are many reasons due to which we are far behind from other developing countries in
the same region. About 25 million children are out of school in Pakistan. Among these, 2.5 million (10%)
are reported in KPK and 750,000 (3%) in FATA respectively. If we look deep into the KPK education
system, we find the following statistics for the lower literacy rate in KPK.
There are about 27,261 functional government schools in KPK. Out of which, 22,044 are primary schools
which makes about 80% of the total schools. About 3.038 million students are enrolled at primary level
while only 0.772million students are enrolled at middle level in government sector in KPK . Apart from
the above, there are also 271,003 un-admitted students in Government Primary Schools.
There are about 78,409 sanctioned at primary level in KPK while 70,876 teachers are working. Whereas
the private sector has separate teachers for pre-primary sector and the reported number of teachers are
2,636 in the private sector.
All the government schools are using old teaching methods which include the use of white/black board,
books and lectures. In the era of technology, all these things are inappropriate and cause lower output.
Apart from this, there are many teachers which are not enough qualified for teaching but they are
appointed in different schools by the previous governments. This creates a very bad output. The
traditional teaching method should be replaced by the latest technologies after which a clear growth in
the educational sector will be seen.
Tom Hierck, an educator since 1983 in a career that has spanned all grade levels and roles in public
“21 st century kids are being taught by 20 th century
adults using 19 th century curriculum and techniques on
an 18 th century calendar.”
There are various drawbacks using traditional methods of teaching on the education system of Pakistan.
It has a bad effect on students’ mentality and the child loses interest in education. According to the
research done by “Alif Ailan”, 34% of students in KPK and 62% of students in FATA are out of school.
Among OOSC in KPK, 75% children did not attend the school and 25% students were dropped out of
school. The survival rate of children till class 5 and class 10 in KPK is 56% and 75% respectively. Almost
44% of children are dropout from school before completing primary education. 
According to the research, lack of interest plays a vital role in OOSC due to which 29% of students never
attend the school and 39.5% are dropped out of the school after taking admission. The main reasons
behind this are:
a. Outdated teaching methods
b. Teachers are not well qualified.
c. Lack of proper attention to every child due to high number of children.
There are a lot of problems which the student face while getting education in Pakistan. Some of the
problems are listed below:
- Children are taught in traditional ways which have the following bad effects:
a. Students lose interest in school work.
b. Students lose the power of critical thinking, problem solving and decision making skills.
c. Students got stressed which effect their mental and physical health.
- Performance of every individual cannot be tracked perfectly.
- Teacher cannot give proper attention to every student because it is time taking and impossible
to do it manually.
- It is very difficult to engage parents.
- Government also doesn’t have digitalized data of every student and cannot track their
- Student is also sent to tuition where he studies the same things as in Schools with traditional
methods which create burden on the small minds.
- Different students have different mentality levels due to which weak students are neglected by
- Students have to carry heavy bags to schools which create difficulty for students as well as to
parents and also affects students health.
- Students are forced by teachers to study and sometimes get beaten by teachers. This shatters
the confidence of students and affects their mental health.
All the above mentioned problems can be tackled with “digitalization of education” in already
functioning schools and establishing “new digital schools” in backward areas.